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[转载]开心道场261:量子论不大像科学?(双语)

(2020-04-28 12:42:22)
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分类: 穿越时空(三心之用)

【原创】开心道场261:量子论不大像科学?(双语)

Joyful Way-place 261 Quantum Theory isn’t Much Like Science

by Longmawx·Wangyongqiang

龙马吾行·王永强

2020-4-26

[转载]开心道场261:量子论不大像科学?(双语)
(网络图片,下同) 

本文导读

(一)万法本具,实现基于概率性

(二)万物有识,光速还是心速?

(三)简明小结


“所有的可能性,都有可能成为现实,但在它成为现实性以前,它叫“不确定性。”

“宇宙是否存在超光速?既有也没有,效果上看是有,但它超越时空。”

(此两句为本文作者的理解语)

 

量子论是20世纪科学史上划时代的突破,它开辟一个前所未有的量子时代。

从量子论所提示的规律来看,这一理论与过去所有的科学理论都不能同日而语,它太怪异,太无道理,太疯狂了,以至于同时代的科学大师爱因斯坦对量子现象及背后的原理都深为不解。

故,本文将这种现象描述为:

量子论出生在科学界,实在不大像是科学,甚至有点反科学!

但,量子论却是在从科学的角度上,佐证了“佛学”(佛道),

令本来不信佛而信科学的人,没有办法不信佛道。

现在,让我们从佛科两维来闲聊一下吧。


(一)万法本具,实现基于概率性

抛开那些专业的科学术语和高深吓人的数学公式不谈,只取其理性,观光一下量子论的全景。

当你在欣赏量子论的美轮美奂时,你一定为它存在的前提而深感崩溃般的震撼。它告诉我们:

真实的现实世界,并非是我们所感知的世界,

它的一切竟然是建立在“不确定性”基础之上。

其实质意义可以比喻为,当你不看月亮时,月亮是不存在的。

不确定性,作为量子论的基石,全名为海森堡的“不确定性法则”(Heinsberg’s Uncertainty Principle),它从亚微观世界的运行层次上揭示了与经典物理学完全不同的法则和真实性。这一结论是从对光的现象研究时发现的。

当对光的属性进一步探索时,就面临了一个无法逾越的矛盾:

光是粒子流,还是光的振荡波?

当你认为光直线传播的,是一种极微的粒子时,

它却有光才有的干涉现象。

若我们执着我们的“二元对立论”,

光既然是一种波动现象,它就不应该是物质的实体,

这二者,一个是空,一个是实。

可是,此种矛盾现象在著名的“双缝实验”(Double-slit Experiment)中,得到了完美的揭示和展现:

当光子/电子被激发出来,让其通过两道缝隙后达到后面的收集屏幕上,

结果整个屏幕上竟然均匀地充满了这些光子/电子。

依我们在宏观世界里的经验和规律,这是不可能事件。因为光若是波,也不可能被收集(本文的解释),光若是粒子,它怎么可能达到波可能到达的地方?

但实验表明,它确实做到了这一点。不但如此,一个粒子竟然可以同时穿越两个缝隙! 那么,从实现宏观世界的维度再看实验,对于一个光子/电子通过双缝时,它怎么能同时穿越两个缝隙?但它做到了。在此处,量子论找到了它的理论基石:

光子/电子在通过双缝前,究竟是波还是粒子?(是空还是有?),

人类不能确定这种情况。推而广之,亚原子态下,一切现象都遵守这个定律,

它本具不确定性,亦即现实世界具不确定性(既是亦是非)。只有当你观察它们时,它们才具确定性。此理,还有另外一个更加惊艳的案例类比:量子猫(薛定锷猫),它直观地揭示了,现实世界的真实性在于多态性,如同说猫的真实态,它就是那样,既是死的,又是活的,而不是非活,即死的二者必居其一状态!

这一结论,彻底颠覆的,不只是传统的物理学,还有现代哲学,二元矛盾论,非此即彼,(阴阳对立二元,及爱因斯坦的“左右手套”定义),证明这些都不是自然实现的真实态。

哲学上的所谓“客观现实性”在量子世界中是不存在的,现实性不可知。只当用心观察时,概率性才能转为一种实现性,在此前,不能推定。

正是由这个“不确定性”前提推导的多态性,才导致了功能和速度空前的量子计算机及量子通信方式的诞生。那么,多态性,也是一种概率,每一事物本身都具足了概率性,但加上时空二维参数后,事物应有确定性,若无,则实现世界便无从说起。故,量子论说,一切都是当我们观测它们的时候,它们才有了什么是什么的特性。

看,这已经不是在讲科学和哲学了,量子论是在讲佛学!

何以故?

《金刚经》说:

所以者何。须菩提。

过去心不可得。现在心不可得。未来心不可得。

“三心”为何不可得?因为它们不确定啊!过去的已经不存在了,未来还未到,你事先“测不准它们”(测不准原理)。为什么?你无法对尚未出现的事物进行观测啊!看,在此,佛学对事物的态度也是很现实的。换言之,操劳未来的心与篡改历史的心都是无明的痴心,一切都在概率规则下运行,事物只在你当下,对应它的时候才有真实性。

例如,当我们预测第三次世界大战的时候,说“不是战-争导致了革-命,就是革-命阻止了战-争”。这显然是“二元矛盾”框架下的思维,用非此即彼的“二态论”取代了量子论中的概率性---不确定性,那么就不会符合发展的实际了。

 

(二)万物有识,光速,还是心速?

量子论的另一个深具法性的奇异点,是量子纠缠(两个电子一旦建立了纠缠关系,就会超越时空,保持一致性)。这一点也让大科家爱因斯坦感到不可理喻,他称此为“幽灵般作用”。之前,在北美曾经流行心电感应理论,这些想法均陷入了“唯物思维的陷阱”,由于无法跳出“有形的物质世界”的迷幻铁围城,甚至连量子论的创立者,也没有给出“量子纠缠”背后的机理。

若把问题交给佛学,就几句话事儿。

“佛告须菩提。尔所国土中。所有众生,若干种心。如来悉知。

何以故。如来说诸心皆为非心。是名为心。”(《金刚经》第十八品)

如果你也认同量子有“心”,那么如来当然知道心中事,它们当然也可以纠缠了,而且纠缠后的沟通,也不需要现实中的微波和电磁辐射通信,只用一念,就成!

这个通信速度怎么计算,大师“老爱”就死在光速极限上了。

因为在他的相对论中,光速是不可超越的极限,宇宙也曾经是稳定常态的。现在出现了纠缠中的电子,却能进行比光速还快地沟通。科学到这儿,就过不了“空与有”、“空与色”的坎了。

在佛学里,只用一念就解决问题了,说人在临终时,只须忆念阿弥陀佛,保持与佛的“纠缠关系”,她/他就能顺利被佛或前来接引的菩萨带到西方极乐世界。这一过程走了多远呢?用了多少光年呢?

十万亿佛国土远。一念的瞬间!

怎么去的呢?是坐光船还是电子火箭?都不是,它是“实时”到达的“心船”---净念!

 

(三)简明小结

回到开篇,量子论,究竟在讲什么?是科学吗?科学大师都不解。

依本文看,量子论,通篇都在讲“量子心”,它是穿着科学的制服,给众生上了一堂直观的佛学课!我们完全可以认为,量子论,就是佛教的般若所起的“作用”。

观宇宙如“走马看灯”,星系在“红移”,世界是可知的吗?

世界既是可知的,也是不可知的。当世界被观察的时候才是可知的。

而这个“知”,还是心的“识”,

哲学所说的“客观世界”在哪里?真的有客观的东西吗?

如果世界是我们所知的部分,那么它怎能还叫做“客观”?

如果世界的客观性在于它的“不可知性”,

那么,我们如何在谈论一个我们根本不知道的东西呢?

迷茫中,我们发现了《大佛顶首楞严经》发出的恒心之光:


“性色真空。性空真色。清净本然。周遍法界。随众生心。应所知量。循业发现。世间无知。惑为因缘。及自然性。皆是识心。分别计度。但有言说。都无实义。”


再次沐浴佛经之光,可知与否的问题,皆看“识心”里到底有没有,而不是虚空中有没有!


============================


Outline

- Everything in the world originally has its own nature and reality bases on possibility

- Everything contains its own consciousness, is it light or mind speed?

- Concise conclusion

“All the possibilities can come into reality but we call this as uncertainty before the things became realities.”

“Are there a super speed over light in the universe? The answer is both yes and no for it transcending space and time.”

(note: the two sentences above by understanding of this article’s author  )

Quantum Theory is an epoch-making breakthrough in the scientific history for it opened up a unprecedented quanta time.

From the view of the rules of the quantum theory, it was unique one, too weird, too unreasonable and too crazy so that its contemporary scientific master Einstein was confused by it.

Here, this text described it as follows:

Quantum Theory was born in the realm of science but it isn’t really like science even against it. Because it’s coming into the world just for certifying the Dharma of Buddhism making people who didn’t believe Buddha originally believe finally with no way.

Now let’s talk a bit about.

Part 1 Everything in the world originally has its own nature and reality bases on possibility

To put the profound terms of science and horror formulations of mathematics aside first, we focused on its principle to sightsee of the full view to Quantum Theory.

You will be shocked for how it overturned the common sense and its precondition when you appreciate wonderful theory.

It told us:

The real world isn’t what we thought by our perception.

The objective world actually built on the base of “uncertainty”

That just as the analogy of “the moon doesn’t exist when you don’t look at it”

Uncertainty as a fundamental stone has its full name as Heinsberg’s Uncertainty Principle, it revealed the realty which was totally different with classical physics at subatomic layer of the world and it stemmed from probing phenomenon of light.

Researchers encountered a paradox of phenomena when they were making further investigation to light:

For a photon, is it a wave or particle?

When you take it for a particle and goes along direct line yet it was companied by interfered phenomena.

If we stuck and applied Laws of Conflict then we will be misled by this deducing:

Now that light is a wave it will not be a particle at all.

Between two things, one is void and the other is a entity.

However, this contradiction was revealed and demonstrated well by a famous “Double-slit experiment”:

As photons/particles produced from a generator and go through two slits to reach the back wall that collected them, the results turn out to be the screen wall made us surprised for the screen were full of them evenly.

According to the common sense this outcome was unreasonable and impossible, for how particles reach at the place where only photons can arrive.

But the experiment showed the particles of light indeed did it. What is more, a particle actually went through two slits simultaneously at the same time. From this quantum theory found out its footstone:

Is it photon or particle actually before it goes through two slits?

We cannot confirm this situation and applying broadly, under subatomic world, all the things go under this rule. 

Things originally have their property of Uncertainty, i.e. reality with property of uncertainty, only when you observe them then show their property of certainty.

Here was another more bizarre case called as Quantum Cat which intuitively unclosed multi-status lying in the real world. And the real status of the cat from the case is both alive and dying.

What the conclusion above overturned not only the classical physics but also the contemporary philosophy, for the notion of objective reality from philosophy isn’t exist at all under rule of the quantum world. Reality is unknowable and knowing only when measuring with a transition from possibility into reality, before doing that we cannot deduce.

Just Because the Uncertainty of the precondition resulted in quantum polymorphism, the birth of the quantum computer and communication with a unprecedented speed had come true. Quantum polymorphism is a kind of probability and everything was born with it, so things became certainty only when they got two parameters of time and space. Look, what quantum theory said is not about science and philosophy but Buddhism.

The Vajracchedika-prajna-paramita Sutra instructed:

Because, Subhuti, neither the past, the present nor the future mind can be found.”

Why do the three minds cannot be found? Just because of things uncertain.

The mind for the past had gone forever, for future has yet come to presence so you can never predict it accurately in advance. In another word, the mind to guess and manipulate the past must be the mind of ignoring and foolish, for everything is going under the rule of probability.

For instance here, when we made a projection to the outbreak of World War Three, we said that either revolution blocked up war or the war led to revolutionize, therefore it must be one or the other.

It was obviously with a wrong conclusion the thinking of the dual contradiction was behind it.

Part 2 Everything contains its own consciousness, is it light or mind speed?

Another weird point for quantum theory is called entanglement which master Einstein felt unreasonable and called it as spooky action, on the other hand, the notion of the mind telepathy was prevalent in Northern America physicists, the thoughts trapped in a pitfall of materialism and they have no way to jump out of the city of tangible world even the creator of quantum theory cannot give a cause for entangling phenomenon.

It will be put it out in a few words if the question is handed over to Buddhism.

 Subhuti, what do you think? If there were as many Ganges rivers as sand-grains in the Ganges, and if there were as many Buddha realms as sandgrains of all these Ganges rivers, would there be many world systems?

The Buddha said the living beings in all these world systems have many different minds which are all known to the Tathagata.”( Contemplating  the Oneness of Everything Eighteen )

If you know that everything in the world has its own mind (consciousness) then you will have no difficult to understand phenomenon of entanglement and speed for quantum communication.

How to calculate the speed of entangling? Einstein was confused by his light speed. In his relativity theory, light speed cannot be surpassed by any moving object and the universe is also knowable, as well as stable, but now the world encountered uncertainty and entanglement which meant light speed faced an awful challenge. So science goes to a threshold where it came across a huge chasm cannot be transcended, in Buddhism term, it can be described as “emptiness and having” or “void and form”.

In case of Buddhism, only with one mind can resolve the problems of speed and entanglement, saying the moment one goes to the end of life only if he/she was able to chant the mane of Amitabha Buddha keep entangling with Buddha and Bodhisattvas then he was sure going to Western Paradise. How far and how long does he need to go? How many light years?

It is 10 trillion territories away from here and it costs his one thought time.

How have he gone there, by a photonic ship or an electronic rocket? Neither of the two, it was real time by mind ship- a pure heart.

Part 3 Concise conclusion

Back to the beginning of this text, what does Quantum theory talk about? Is Science? But even the master wasn’t able to understand it once and for all. In light with this article’s point, it told totally about quanta heart and it dressed in uniform of science giving an intuitive course related to Buddhism.

The universe is just like a running-horse lantern and Galaxy is red-shifting, so is the world knowable?

The world is both knowable and unknowable, it was knowable only moment it’s observing, yet the knowing is by heart’s consciousness.

Where is objective world by philosophy said? Do objective things truly exist?

If the world was what we knew then how did it call objective world?

If the world’s objective property lies in its unknowable nature, then how can we talk about thing we didn’t know at all?

In this confusion, we discovered the star light from the Shurangama Sutra:

“You simply do not know that in the Treasury of the Thus Come One the nature of form is true emptiness and the nature of emptiness is true form. Pure at its origin it pervades the Dharma Realm. It accords with living beings‟ minds, in response to their capacity to know. It is experienced to whatever extent is dictated by the law of karma. Ignorant of this fact, people in the world are so deluded as to assign its origin to causes and conditions or to spontaneity. These mistakes, which arise from the discriminations and reasoning processes of the conscious mind are nothing but the play of empty words which have no real meaning.”

As far as whether knowable or not was concerned, we take a bath of Buddhism Sutra once more, the question of knowing only depends on whether to exist in heart rather than does in the space.


[转载]开心道场261:量子论不大像科学?(双语)
(电子在幽灵般地纠缠)


[转载]开心道场261:量子论不大像科学?(双语)
(没有量子论,就没有现代科技)


[转载]开心道场261:量子论不大像科学?(双语)
(佛陀成道前,入定,与三世诸佛以超光速通信(可以认为是量子纠缠))


[转载]开心道场261:量子论不大像科学?(双语)
(我们周围,充满着量子涨落)

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